Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)


12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Debt Disclosure [Abstract]  

8. Debt


The carrying values of our debt obligations as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:


    December 31, 2018     December 31, 2017  
    Short Term     Long Term     Short Term     Long Term  
Demand Note   $ 7,916,188     $     $     $  
Total   $ 7,916,188     $     $     $  


Negotiable Demand Promissory Note


On June 8, 2018, the Company executed a Negotiable Demand Promissory Note (the “Demand Note”) in the principal amount of up to $15.0 million in favor of Eco-Lender, LLC (the “Lender”), a Delaware limited liability company and an affiliate of one or more funds that are managed by Fir Tree Capital Management LP (together with its affiliated funds, “Fir Tree”) and/or its affiliates, which affiliated funds collectively hold a majority of the outstanding shares of capital stock of the Company. Pursuant to the Demand Note, on June 8, 2018, the Lender advanced approximately $5.5 million of gross proceeds and $5.1 million of net proceeds after transaction expenses to the Company (the “Initial Advance”) and on August 16, 2018 the Lender advanced an additional $3.0 million of gross proceeds and $2.97 million of net proceeds to the Company. As of December 31, 2018, the aggregate principal amount outstanding under the Demand Note was approximately $7.9 million.


Interest on the unpaid principal balance of the Note accrues at an annual rate of 10%, subject to a default interest rate of 14.00% or 24.00%, depending on the payment date following the occurrence of a default. All payments of principal, interest and other amounts under the Demand Note are payable immediately upon written demand by the Lender to the Company; provided, however, the Lender cannot make any demand for payment under the Demand Note until the earlier of (A) 45 days after the date of the Demand Note, (B) the occurrence of a material adverse change as defined in the Note and determined by the Lender in its sole and absolute discretion, (C) the occurrence of any default or event of default under any material agreement of the Company or any of its subsidiaries, and (D) the date upon which the Company or any of its subsidiaries ceases operating for any reason.


The Company may prepay, in whole or in part, at any time, the principal, interest and other amounts owing under the Demand Note subject to a prepayment premium of 4.00% of the aggregate amount of such prepayment (inclusive of interest and other amounts due and owing under the Demand Note), provided that the minimum amount of any such prepayment is equal to the lesser of $1 million and the then outstanding balance of the Demand Note.


All of the Company’s obligations under the Demand Note are guaranteed by EcoStim, Inc., a Texas corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“EcoStim”), and secured by a security interest (subject to permitted liens) in substantially all of the personal property of the Company and EcoStim, including 100% of the outstanding equity of the Company’s U.S. subsidiaries (including EcoStim) and 65% of the outstanding equity of the Company’s non-U.S. subsidiaries; provided, however, that the Lender had a subordinate lien on those assets of the Company and EcoStim that were subject to the lien of Porter Capital pursuant to the Receivables Agreement. As a result of our October 19, 2018 termination of the Receivables Agreement, all collateral has been released that had been secured under the Receivables Agreement.


Long-Term Notes Payable


Convertible Note Facility


On March 3, 2017, the Company entered into a transaction with Fir Tree pursuant to which Fir Tree purchased from ACM entities $22 million aggregate principal amount of the Company’s outstanding 14% convertible notes which were due in 2018, (“the ACM Note”) and 2,030,436 shares (pre-split) of the Company’s outstanding common stock, par value $0.001 per share. This transaction was part of a comprehensive recapitalization designed to create a path to a potential conversion to equity of substantially all the Company’s debt, subject to stockholder approval. As part of the transaction, the ACM Note was amended and restated (the “A&R Convertible Note”) and the Company issued to Fir Tree an additional $19.4 million aggregate principal amount convertible note (the “New Convertible Note”), representing an additional $17 million aggregate principal amount of convertible notes issued by the Company to Fir Tree on March 3, 2017, and approximately $2.4 million principal amount of convertible notes in payment of accrued and unpaid interest on the ACM Note. The unpaid principal amount of the A&R Convertible Note and the New Convertible Note bore an interest rate of 20% per annum and, if stockholder approval were not obtained, would have matured on May 28, 2018.


After giving effect to these transactions, the Company had approximately $41.4 million of outstanding convertible notes. Fir Tree agreed to convert all the outstanding convertible notes into common stock at a conversion price of $1.40 per share, subject to receipt of stockholder approval and satisfaction of certain other conditions. On June 15, 2017, with stockholder approval, all the outstanding convertible notes were subsequently converted into common stock and the Company issued approximately 29.5 million shares of common stock to Fir Tree as a result of such conversion.